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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The author(s) declare(s) having read "Author declaration of competing interets" and accepted the stipulates clauses.

Author Guidelines

You may submit three types of articles: research, review and popular. The following guidelines cover the requirements for research articles with indications of the particular stipulations for the other types of articles.

Manuscripts

The manuscript is single-spaced text; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points.

Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors for whom English is not their first language may wish to consider using an editing service before submission. Occasionally, we may accept manuscripts in other languages.

Title

A concise and informative title.
A list of all authors' names with names and addresses of Institutions.
The name, address and e-mail address of the correspondence author.

Abstract

The abstract must not exceed 350 words and should list the main results and conclusions, using simple, factual, numbered statements. The abstract should outline the purpose of the paper and the main results, conclusions, and recommendations, using clear, factual, numbered statements.
Popular articles: abstract needed.

Keywords

A list in alphabetical order not exceeding eight words or short phrases.

Table of contents

This shows the readers the organization of the text.
Popular articles: no table of contents needed.

Introduction

Provides information about the context, indicates the motivation for the paper, defines the focus, the research question, and explains the text structure.

Materials and methods

Include sufficient details for the work to be repeated. Where specific equipment and materials are named, the manufacturer’s details (name, city, and country) should be given so that readers can trace specifications by contacting the manufacturer. Do not describe or refer to commonplace statistical tests in this section but allude to them briefly in Results.
Review articles do not have a methods section but should include some information about applied methods at the end of the introduction.
Popular articles do not have a methods section.

Results

State the results and draw attention in the text to important details shown in tables and figures.
Review articles answer the research question set in the introduction.
Review and popular articles do not have a results section.

Discussion

This should point out the significance of the results in relation to the reasons for doing the work, and place them in the context of other work.
Review and popular articles have a body section instead. Make sure to organise the different pieces of information into a line of argument.

Conclusions

This is optional for research articles.
Review articles answer the research question set in the introduction.
Popular articles do not have a results section, though they should have a bottom-line.

References

In-text citations should follow the author-date method whereby the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998). The complete reference list should appear alphabetically by name at the end of the paper. Please note that an ISBN or a DOI should be provided for all references where available.

For citations and reference list, use APA style. Review articles may have citations and should have references. Popular articles do not need citations but should have a short list of references or "read more."

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